What is pimple

A pimple is a kind of comedo that results from excess sebum and dead skin cells getting trapped in the pores of the skin. In its aggravated state, it may evolve into a pustule or papules.Pimples can be treated by acne medications, antibiotics, and anti-inflammatories prescribed by a physician, or various over-the-counter remedies purchased at a pharmacy.

Acne in itself is quite emotionally draining! But the prominent scars they left behind are causing you more stress? The good news is, these scars can be treated. It is important to know your skin before you begin any treatments.

Causes

Sebaceous glands inside the pore of the skin produce sebum. When the outer layers of skin shed (a natural and continuous process, normally), dead skin and oily sebum left behind may bond together and form a blockage of the sebaceous gland at the base of the skin. This is most common when the skin becomes thicker at puberty. The sebaceous gland continues to produce sebum, which builds up behind the blockage, allowing bacteria to grow in the area, including the species Staphylococcus aureus and Cutibacterium acnes, which causes inflammation and infection. Other causes of pimples include family history, stress, fluctuations in hormone levels, hair and skin care products, medication side effects, and un-diagnosed or underlying medical conditions.Pimples can be part of the presentation of rosacea.

Acne scars are the result of breakouts caused by blocked skin pores. Blocking leads to swelling of the pores, which may cause breakage in the follicle wall. This can create deep or shallow lesions that prominently appear on the skin.

Acne scars are the result of inflamed lesions. These lesions penetrate through your skin, damaging the tissues beneath it. This may leave a mark or pit behind.

A. Ice Pick Scars

Ice pick scars are the result of a severe acne lesion. They usually develop after an infection from cysts that work their way deep into the skin.

These scars are narrower than boxcar and rolling scars. However, they are deeper and more noticeable to the naked eye. Home remedies may not work for these scars.

B. Boxcar Scars

Boxcar scars are wider than ice pick scars. They look like round craters with sharp edges, giving the skin a pitted, uneven appearance. They can be narrow or deep.

They occur due to inflammatory breakouts that destroy the collagen. This leads to loss of tissue, which creates depressions in the skin.

C. Rolling Scars

As the name suggests, rolling scars are wide with rounded edges. They make the skin look uneven and irregular.

They are caused by fibrous bands of tissues that develop between the skin and subcutaneous tissue below. The bands pull the epidermis, giving the skin a rolling appearance.

D. Hypertrophic Scars

These scars appear raised. They are the result of excess tissue in the area where the lesion had developed.

 Acne Scars Vs. Pimple Marks

Acne scars are usually pitted and seldom heal completely. Pimple marks are tiny, flat, and dark spots caused by post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation that can fade in a few weeks on their own. Picking or popping a pimple can increase the chances of pimple marks. However, they don’t cause long-term damage to your skin. On the other hand, acne scars take a considerably longer time to heal and are difficult to remove completely.

Note: Some acne scars are caused by inflammation and require medical treatment. They cannot be treated with home remedies. Consult a dermatologist to find out if this is the case with your acne scars.

Acne scars are usually pitted and seldom heal completely. Pimple marks are tiny, flat, and dark spots caused by post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation that can fade in a few weeks on their own. Picking or popping a pimple can increase the chances of pimple marks. However, they don’t cause long-term damage to your skin. On the other hand, acne scars take a considerably longer time to heal and are difficult to remove completely.

Note: Some acne scars are caused by inflammation and require medical treatment. They cannot be treated with home remedies. Consult a dermatologist to find out if this is the case with your acne scars.

A study was conducted in Japan to study the effect of orange peel extracts on melanogenesis, a complex process that involves the formation of melanin. It was found that the extract could help suppress melanogenesis. Hence, the orange peel may help eliminate acne spots and blemishes.

You Will Need

 

Do this 3-4 times a week.

Research conducted to study the potential benefits of plant oils on skin shows that coconut oil possesses antibacterial properties that may help reduce acne.

You Will Need
 
What You Have To Do
  1. Warm the virgin coconut oil by rubbing it between your palms.

  2. Dab it on the acne scars and leave it on until the next morning.

 
How Often You Should Do This

Do this every night before going to bed.

Note: Do not try this remedy if you have oily skin as coconut oil may clog pores and worsen acne.

Tea tree oil possesses can reduce acne lesions and scale. Their antimicrobial properties can help reduce the occurrence of pimples. However, there is no evidence to prove that it lightens acne scars and pimple marks. As topical tea tree oil is considered safe for most people, you can try out this remedy.

You Will Need
What You Have To Do
  1. Mix a few drops of tea tree oil with a carrier oil of your choice.

  2. Apply this mixture to the scars.

  3. Leave it on for an hour before washing it off.

How Often You Should Do This

Repeat once daily until the scars vanish.

Note: Do a patch test before trying this remedy as tea tree oil may cause skin irritation. 

A mixture of aloe vera, tea tree oil, and propolis has also been found to reduce acne scars and pimple marks .

Aloe vera can reduce acne scars by reducing hyperpigmentation and acting as an immunity booster and anti-inflammatory agent

You Will Need
 
What You Have To Do
  1. Extract a tablespoon of gel from aloe vera leaves.

  2. Apply it to the scars and blemishes.

  3. Leave it on overnight.

 
How Often You Should Do This

You can do this every night before going to bed.

Lemon juice contains vitamin C that exhibits antipigmentary properties (8). Thus, it may fade acne scars, blemishes, and pimple marks over time.

You Will Need

  • ½ lemon

  • Cotton pad

What You Have To Do
  1. Squeeze out the juice of half a lemon and dab a cotton pad into the juice.

  2. Apply it to the affected areas.

  3. Rinse it off thoroughly after 10 minutes.

 
How Often You Should Do This

You can do this 3-4 times a week.

Note: If you have sensitive skin, do not try this remedy as it may cause redness and irritation. Do a patch test before the remedy, and make sure you apply sunscreen afterward as lemon juice can make your skin photosensitive.

Green tea contains polyphenols, which have antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties that help in the prevention and treatment of acne (9). Green tea also helps reduce scars and pimple marks with its anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties (10)

You Will Need
What You Have To Do
  1. Make a face pack by mixing moist green tea leaves with honey.

  2. Apply the pack all over your face and leave it on for 15 minutes.

  3. Rinse it off thoroughly with plain water. 

 
How Often You Should Do This

Do this 1-2 times a week.

Make sure you:

  1. Sleep

  2. Don’t sunbathe

  3. Minimize carbs and dairy in your diet

  4. Avoid makeup straight after washing your face

  5. Apply moisture after washing when the skin is damp

  6. Quit smoking as it slows down healing

  7. Manage stress

  8. Keep bedding clean

  9. Drink plenty of water